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  • First exhibition of Han Kings’ tomb’s cultural relics unearthed in Jiangsu, showing Liu Bang’s generations’ luxurious life (Photos)
  • Source: 2013-10-31
  • Source: Modern Express 22/10/2013

    Luxury was unlimited. 2000 years ago, Liu Bang and his generation lived extremely luxurious life in Jiangsu.
    The copper francium and flat pot that have just been repaired, the chime that can still show music, wine-drawing device with scattered gold and silver bird..... These cultural relics unearthed from Jiangsu Han Kings’ tombs are firstly exhibited in Han Dynasty Hall of "Jiangsu’s ancient civilization branch" in Nanjing museum. The silver-beast-grain-copper-decorated cattle light with and the gold-inlaid zoomorphic inkstone box, as the "national treasures" that rarely appear, will be also exhibited for long period. 
    Recently, modern express reporters, following experts, have exclusively visited the Han Dynasty hall. On November 6, the 2nd-phase of Nanjing museum will open to the public, and we can visit it for free.

    Han Kings’ tomb’s cultural relics unearthed in Jiangsu, showing Liu Bang’s generations’ luxurious life, Han Dynasty "Mandarin duck hot pot" -- lattice tripod
    1 "Mandarin duck hot pot" allows 5 kinds of flavors
    In the hall, a three-step showcase display the cultural relics unearthed from Jiangsu Han Dynasty tombs, including Kings’ tombs in Sishui, Dayun Mountain, Xuzhou Shizi Mountain, etc.  
    The bottom of showcase holds three big bronzes, including copper pot and flat pot, all of which are unearthed from Han Dynasty tombs in Xuzhou Shizi Mountain. When unearthed, they were broken at different degrees, and after repair for 20 years, now they will meet the audience for the first time.
    The top of the bronze copper pot holds a large lattice tripod which is a Han Dynasty hot pot unearthed from Jiangdu King Liu Fei's tomb. According to the expert’s explanation, Liu Fei is a real chowhound. This lattice tripod, the ancient version of mandarin duck hot pot, is divided into 5 lattices, including a central round one surrounded by 4 square ones that can be placed with different meat for 5 different flavors. 

    First exhibition of Han Kings’ tomb’s cultural relics unearthed in Jiangsu, showing Liu Bang’s generations’ luxurious life, gold-decorated wine-drawing device with silver bird head

    Magic wine-drawing device: to control wine output by thumb.
    Han Dynasty Royal family ate well and drank luxuriously. In one showcase, a gold-decorated wine-drawing device with silver bird head is also displayed for the first time. "It was unearthed from the Jiangdu king Liu Fei’s tomb," the expert says.
    This circular cone, as the body of the wine-drawing device, holds a bird on its top and a small pot at its bottom. There is a hole respectively on the bird and the pot. When drawing the wine, the device is immersed in the wine, then the wine enters from the hole on the pot, then we press the hole on the back of the bird to stop wine, from flowing out; when pouring the wine, the thumb moves from the hole and the wine will flows from the bottom hole. "Pressure difference works, and the wine amount poured is completely controlled by the thumb, very appealing and romantic," the expert says.

    The birth of green copper lamp is 1500 years earlier than western one. 
    On a booth, 5 Han Dynasty lamps are exhibited, including silver-beast-grain-copper-decorated cattle light used by Liu Jing as Guangling King, the most precious treasure of Nanjing Museum. It is regarded as a national treasure because of its beautiful shape and ingenious design, as well as its environment-friendly feature. The lamp of copper cattle light is installed in the round base in the back, with rotatable lamp panel to adjust the illumination angle; the upper of the lamp is equipped with a movable diamond openwork windshield plate that can shield wind and adjust the light intensity. The lampshade can rotate in round manner, its extended pipe on the top is connected with and the cattle head, forming a complete exhaust channel. Hollow bovine abdomen can be filled with water, the ash residue enters cattle abdomen via the channel and dissolves in water, thus reducing indoor air pollution. 
    "In ancient times, the nostril of the one who reads under the lamp will be blackened and absorb the black into the lungs, and has pneumoconiosis in long term. However, this lamp can reduce your risk thanks to its filtering device," the expert says.
    This dust-filtering invention occupied leading position in the world at that time, 1500 years earlier than metal fume guiding lamp invented by Da Vinci, an Italian scientist living in the fifteenth Century.


    Bronze secret-play sculpture 
    "The secret-play sculpture" shows the opening-up in Han Dynasty 
    As is said, each emperor has quite a number of harems. In fact, the Han Dynasty vassals also have a lot. In Jiangdu king Liu Fei’s tomb, rows of concubines’ tombs are discovered, up to several dozens.
    In the exhibition hall, archaeological expert says in mysterious manner, "Look, there!" Along the direction of his finger, Modern express’s reporter sees a small bronze sculpture with 3 naked persons including a man and two women with something in their hands." This is a rare secret-play bronze of Han Dynasty," the expert says. It is not unusual to find such "secret-play" cultural relics in Han Dynasty tombs; at that time, archaeologists discovered a secret-play relief in Han Dynasty tomb in Jiangkou Town Pengshan County, Meishan City Sichuan Province, and now it is kept in Beijing National Museum, as national level-I cultural relics. 
    How can such secret-play bronze sculpture stay in Han Dynasty Tombs? The expert believes that it is closed with opening Han culture.

    Gold inlaid zoomorphic inkstone box
    Miniature version of Royal tomb showing luxurious life style
    In ancient China, usually, the royal family members began to make preparation for their funeral before their death, and they hoped to further enjoy their luxurious life in underworld.
    In the exhibition hall, archaeological experts reproduce the Han Dynasty mausoleum in "miniature" version. In Western Han Dynasty, Xuzhou Chu dukes cut the mountains and hills to make tombs, and their underground palaces were hidden in cliff. The craftsmen were ordered to dig "underground palaces" including outer ramps, inner ramps, ear chamber, corridor, coffin chamber and rear chamber in the centre chisel, for dozens of years at least, so as to get eternal peace and stop tomb raiders’ destroying.
    In Jiangdu King Liu Fei’s and Guangling King Liu Jing's "underground palaces", the coffin chamber is surrounded by the most advanced yellow cedar wood to form frame structure.
    Battle preference
    A large number of weapons have witnessed the princes’ strong power.
    Liu Bang, born in Jiangsu, became the emperor and his descendants gradually took control of Jiangsu and decided Jiangsu’s future. A showcase specially shows sword, crossbow and the like unearthed from Han Dynasty tombs. These cold weapons have slept for 2000 years underground, but some still look sharp. Large real horses and carriages are found in Jiangdu King Liu Fei's tomb, and now they are under repair.
    These tough cold weapons allow viewers sense of chilly murder. According to the expert’s words, before Hanwu emperor, Han Dynasty dukes who own powerful army are prefer battles. For example, Jiangdu King Liu Fei, the elder brother of Hanwu emperor, put down the Liu Bi mess; he was very bossy, and the Emperor had to ask specially-assigned person to supervise him.
    Although few literatures have mentioned Liu Jing, Yangzhou's Guangling King, he was also much ambitious for emperor. According to records, in 67 AD, Liu Jing planned to usurp the throne, but it was reported to the emperor, then he committed suicide.
    News links
    Han emperors’ tombs found in Jiangsu
    Liu Ying, the emperor of Chu, reigned in 178 BC ~ 175 BC and he was buried in the Xuzhou Shizi Mountain.
    Liu Fei, Jiangdu King, the elder brother of Hanwu emperor, reigned in 153 BC ~ 128 BC, and he was buried in Xuyi Dayun Mountain.
    Liu Xu, Guangling King, reigned in 117 BC ~ 54 BC, and he was buried in Gaoyou Tian Mountain.
    Sishui king tomb was discovered in 2003 in Siyang, but its owner has not been determined. 
    Liu Jing, Guangling King, reigned in. 58 A.D ~ 67 AD, and his tomb was discovered in Yangzhou Hanjiang River. (Reported by Hu Yumei)