• Permanent Exhibitions
  • Ming and Qing porcelain museum
  • China is the first country in the world to recognize lacquer and put it into use. The ancient Chinese use the natural lacquer which is extracted from sumac and also called raw lacquer. Ruins of Hemudu culture in Zhejiang Yuyao have unearthed the earliest lacquer more than 7000 years ago. Nanjing Museum lacquer pavilion has exhibited more than 100 lacquer ware in distinctive style of each period. Relics on display are artifacts such as exquisitely patterned seven poets’ casket of Han, shining red paint pods of the Southern Song Dynasty, elegant lacquer screen inlaid with carved mother-of-pearl of the Ming dynasty. In it a magnificent royal snack box of the Qing Dynasty which has carved lacquer with landscape strikes the audience. Carved lacquer is brushing layers of paint on the ware. The ware is solidified in the special kiln after each layer brush, and then start carving after the layers of lacquer to a certain thickness. Flap surface is carved with more than a hundred of pavilions with winding corridors, through which more than a hundred of people walk, forming a lively garden painting. One to two hundreds layers of lacquer brushing are needed to accomplish a ware like this, and an accomplished carved lacquer like this consumes 2 to 3 years. The cultural relics which are exhibited in the lacquer pavilion are classified roughly according to their dynasties, covering the essence of lacquer arts for thousands of years. Charming lacquerware is not only becoming a brilliant page in Chinese art history, but also an important spirit of Chinese culture.

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